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Top Customer Reviews: The Cave Painters: ...

Rating: 4 out of 5 with 5 ratings
5 / 5
In the thoroughly delicious writing fashion an author, Gregory Curtis, take on the travesía by means of some deep basses of products of grotto. While not achieving some definite conclusions of 'because it has been done', offers one evolving and that theories of clashes of the variety of sources that extracted his origin. I have been partorisca rites of fertilities, hunting magic, mythology of clan or partorisca rites of social initiation? These questions remain unanswered. Some two things that is clear, this in spite of. In the first place, that a society that created them was stable and distinguished a lot little, if any, violence to an another. Secondly, Some uneven formations of some wall of some grottos has produced some imagines so as a preconceived artistic dishes of an artist he.

If, taste, has no of background in this subject intriguing and would like me the overview a lot writing of this mysterious spending, ossia a book partorisca you.
4 / 5
In the relatively short space Curtis outlines a history of a discovery and the studio of one has has painted grottos, gives vivid sketch of some remarkable personalities involved - Breuil, Leroi-Gourhan, Boyle - speaks some different theories of some products that bad to some painters, and the majority of everything, transmits a sheer impact a mark of products in an observer. A very good book.
4 / 5
This book was partorisca the few investigations in the grotto found it partorisca be good writing, with a lot of information on everything of some grottos in Europe and a one in photos was terrific and has learnt the you
4 / 5
Archaeologic and historical evidence together with theory on some prehistoric beings those who has created these products of grotto with the information presented in an easy to read the fashion that comprises photo and biographical information in the first discovered some grottos and his art.
4 / 5
The book is well. It can have more detail in an art of painters of grotto to external Europe. It can have more detail in an art of painters of grotto pouside Europe

Top Customer Reviews: Stepping-Stones: A ...

Rating: 5 out of 5 with 4 ratings
5 / 5 Caterina
Formed: Kindle the edition has not had an occasion partorisca read a lot this book but as I have looked in several maps and of the images have a lot of be pleased. It has concerned me the one who the gustanuno and-the reservation so only would take a text as I am pleased that this is not so much.
5 / 5 Alaina
Formed: Paperback am travelling partorisca see some products of the grotto and this book will be partorisca come with me. An introduction adds to some grottos and I think will help the mine that comprises of an art in some grottos.
5 / 5 Maryalice
I have not had an occasion partorisca read a lot this book but as I have looked in several maps and of the images have a lot of be pleased. It has concerned me the one who the gustanuno and-the reservation so only would take a text as I am pleased that this is not so much.
5 / 5 Jo
Am travelling partorisca see some products of the grotto and this book will be partorisca come with me. An introduction adds to some grottos and I think will help the mine that comprises of an art in some grottos.

Top Customer Reviews: Cave Art (Thames ...

Rating: 4 out of 5 with 1 ratings
4 / 5 Carey
Formed: Paperback very good.

Top Customer Reviews: The First Signs: ...

Rating: 4 out of 5 with 5 ratings
4 / 5 Sharyl
One the majority of unusual and intriguing book. It begins like the real page turner until there is @@give has wanted to take time to really comprise the one who an author has said: The rationed I to a chapter the day. So many books begin was a lot of and then sag in a half. No this book. Ossia All roughly or enough our relative the one who has lived like this he a lot the time done. A history that says the approximation is a lot involving.

Each access of chapter to the logical sequence of ideas that really helps a reader comprises that it has achieved it far in of the terms of sympathetic like our ancestor thought and has applied that learning given some primitive tools of a time. An author also the fact clears that there are limits to those that can learn on some signs and the symbols have painted, drawn, or carved in some wall of grottos.

My favourite chapters comprise a discussion in an external place in Portogallo and an amazing possibility that our ancestor have decorated his places of room with colour and of the images and byline as it could be seen by all the world. It can be the precursor to all one announcing that we see everywhere today? Another fascinating the chapter has related to the necklace of tooth of the deer discovered in France of the sud with an amazing collection of small engravings has related to the signs found in of the next grottos. A suggestion is concealed that sees in the grottos can be the small sample of symbols and a lot of signs out of that is long turn of then and disappeared because of weathering.

A real question is: reason has done our ancestor go deep the grottos and paint these signs and of the symbols that usually outnumber some products of animals? In fact in some grottos there are symbols and the only signs and any one paints at all. That has been that tries to communicate? Reason some same signs and the look of symbols in of the so many different places in such long periods of time? Another fascinating the chapter explains reason some byline probably is not related the shamanism.

Have a lot hesitation recommend this book for any one. There has been now put in a cup 10 books have read on some last 55 years. So only agree, a chapter the day, no more!
5 / 5 Shalonda
This was one of some better books have read some past years, and for far some better one has like this remote bed this year. A book comes and goes among good-looking descriptions of some grottos and places, where Genevieve tip that there is enough a hand for fiction, the science, where dips out of the scientific methods have used of anthropology and palaeontology.
All here is chapter resupplied with which understand, building on some reader' knowledge to explore together with an author some beauties and mysteries of some Upper Palaeolithic produced of grotto.
Much more that painting of grotto, a reader learns a process used for scientists to comprise and interpret them - and like some times can not be ascertained.

Remorses that a book is not better illustrated - like this besides often: in several different moments find me looking for produced in mine telephone to in fact see that it was has described. Has 'upgraded' my edition to a lot of has printed the fragment there is taken on-line of different products.

To the equal that mentions in an end of a book that was to do in of the new places and of the furthest exploitations, are hopefully that looks forward to his next book(s).
5 / 5 Malissa
Is such the thing to oblige to think you can be able the unlock breakings of a mystery of some starts of the tongue written. Of course it is all the speculation but thrilling that it spends for a process to try to discover the one who some symbols could mean the must has to that way that be in satisfactory. I quite enjoyed this book.
5 / 5 Maxwell
There is enjoyed this book, especially after listening an author that speaks in a radio. His excite for paleoanthropology was contagious and has wanted to know more. It describes graphically which that goes to the dark deep grottos is likes before hand and then a delight to find 15 - illustrations of 40,000 years in some wall. And then a mystery that some illustrations and the symbols mean. Has the plot has left to discover in our ancestor and .
5 / 5 Diedre
A visual iconography used for some exploitations of grotto me feel likes was ushered to the long of in the travesía of an author of discovery. Down waiting for to read more in this subject like new information develops of a data has collected. Certainly you recommend this book for people has interested to know more in our ancient past.

Top Customer Reviews: The Codex Borgia: A ...

Rating: 4 out of 5 with 8 ratings
5 / 5 Ailene
Format: Paperback This book is an astonishingly beautiful book that spends on the civilisation this is to be die partorisca several centuries been due to his own failure, probably because of some climatic drought in Yucatan this has destroyed his cultivation of cocoa that was his own coin and his main export, for this a tool and means of the his can. Maya civilisation was later on systematically destroyed for some Spaniards when I am invaded Mesoamerica, and these Spaniards have aimed particularly some books, some codexes, some cultural machineries that could transported and that has accused to be pay heretical and satanic symbols, and has abandoned an architecture in a jungle that took it on. A genocidal crime against humanity.

To to A first what would like to say is that the codexes have been done with the paper and this paper has the rich technological history. It uses an edge of inside a bark of trees, Ficus trees or trees of fig. This edge has been collected and accused in the very rich way and has complicated. We do not know when a Mayas devised this technician but is the fact of the long time of the codexes was probably in existence in his pre-classical period some ten first centuries of his final, of here around a 5th century BC. But this edge when a step is finalised has to that be accused the pieces of paper roughly 20 wide centimetres and while necessary to produce a book. To take a pertinent period his glued the spent joints shorter. But has has had to that then accuse a surface to be able to write and draw and painting in this paper. They have used both sides, as they have accused both sides with some mix of several natural elements that has done a smooth and very feasible surface for some rich drawings, the products and the writing have used. These calls of preparation “chalk.” Some scribes were an elite polite organism of people those who has been considered like this highly spiritual not even some class of priests. They call “he-of-the-writing” (“ah ts'ib” in Maya). Apparently, a word included could be used for some scarce female scribes.

A book or that the codex was like this the long piece of paper and then was creased to an accordion-like fold of screen. Both sides have been used. Apparently, these works of codex of legislations to the the accidents, one first page or he stuff is in an extreme right, and an advance of pages of legislations to accidents. When you Achieve an extreme left of a first side, has turned a codex on and has read a second face a same way. A presentation of some dishes in a book respect this humour to maintain some pages of clue in pertinent order. So Flat 1 east in an a lot of well of a book and flat 76, a last a, is so only after an introduction. In a same way, has to accept that it is common for dishes to be divided to several discharges or thirds. Starts to read in a right corner subordinated extreme and read a low prime minister tier that can cover several pages. When you Achieve an end of this tier movement until an extreme left of a meso according to tier and read he of accident to legislation. Finally, there it is the third tier trace to a big plus tier beginning in a right extreme and read he of legislation to accident. Ossia sinuous Or fashionable serpent that reads. The humour of drawings and writing can vary to plot. It is a same thing with a lot of glyphs this is to compose of two, three or four glyphs. An order can vary to plot of a composite glyph to a prójimo.

But this book is the recovery by heart fill of an ancient “Mexican” manuscript. We can not be sure it is the one who this codex has used to be. An original has been ageing to somewhere in Borgia. But it gives the real idea that this culture and this codex could have been. An aesthetic prodigy (any only for knots) but also and mainly for a Mayas the religious textbook and social code for submission and full obedience to his of the, and first of all Quetzalcoatl. This codex has to that do with one 260-day tzolk'in calendar that is supposition to regulate a Mayas' daily life. 260 days is almost a period of the pregnancy of the woman. But it conceal it does not explain anything of this pregnancy is usually around 270 days long. But a real mystery is like them comes to this number of 260 days. They have crossed two numbers. A prime minister an east a period that can call it the “month”: twenty days, each one which to the equal that with the name and calm has thirteen successive groups of twenty days always in a same order. Ossia Simple to explain of a basic numerical system of a Mayas is vigesimal counting system with 20 like his base. But some months in this 260-day tzolk'in the calendar does not have to that the appoint reasons the names are not required. Some 260 days are identified for a rotation sistémica of numbers of 1 to 13 in this long cast of 260 days has composed of thirteen times a series of twenty days. A first day of a series of twenty is “Imix” (often translates like this “alligator,” but can be “light” or included “womb” reason is a first day , a day when the times and the life have begun, connected to a sun he and that sees an increase of sun was one of some fundamental tasks of humans when they were fabricated for some of the. So only they could result the society structured and identified when they had seen an increase of sun for a first time. In a 260-day tzolk'in calendar, has 13 Imix and each one which so one is identified for a number 1 to 13 that a rotating cycle of thirteen will attribute his so many progresses in some thirteen insiemi of twenty days. For this was 1 Imix, 8 Imix, 2 Imix, 9 Imix, 3 Imix, 10 Imix, 4 Imix, 11 Imix, 5 Imix, 12 Imix, 6 Imix, 13 Imix, 7 Imix, and then a prójimo 260-day tzolk'in of the starts of cycle again with 1 Imix. A number of one locates of day for seven unit in the continuum of 13 numbers have repeated cyclically twenty times.

Is unable to explain a meaning of this 13, excepts mathematically. If it love this cyclical system to do of a difference among 13 and 20 this seven, has to add an immediately go down number even to 7 for a whole system to do smoothly. On page xviii of an introduction for Bruce And. Byland, Has a full map of some 260 days with twenty lines for some twenty days and thirteen columns. I will complain an author uses English names and does not mention Maya appoints.

To the equal that has has said so only these 260 days tzolk'in the calendar is the mathematician prodigy reason a Mayas was mathematically there is anticipated extremely. With his Base 20 vigesimal counting system, which is common in a world (the old English Pound less than fact fifty years has been composed of twenty shillings and each shilling was twelve pence, and has seen and known in a prompt @@@1960s quell'halfpenny and the farthing, or the neighbourhood of the penny. They have had included he guinea this was veintiuno shillings ), a Mayas had invented the sign that was “twenty_” with which nineteen, and then is known like “K'to the” or a sign of moon, and like such is a sign of a conclusion of a vigesimal first near of numbers, but is used also when the group of twenty or multiple of twenty is empty and for this can be identified like this “zero,” and then is known like “mih” or swimming. Ossia In phase with a philosophy of a Mayas: everything is the direct retrospective allusion to that comes from/comes from and the likely anticipation that will be it to it follow stops.

When Management to a “Haab” year that count eighteen months of twenty days (the same like this first days) five days more to achieve 365, then some months have names. Some five extra days call “wayeb'” and have an ominous reputation. This “Haab” the year is not concerned in this codex. But the day a year is identified as follows:

[1 to 13 (tzolk'in) Name of Day] + [1 to 19 (row a month of 20 days) Name of Month].

Is so only 1 to 19 reason a twentieth day is doing a jump of month to a prójimo an and in this chance, a second part of a date is substituted for [“chum” Name of a next month]. To These shows like 20 games the double function: it is a conclusion of a vigesimal group of 20 and a same time one causes that door a next month. As it is not really “zero,” one same to the equal that in a decimal system of the ours when we consider a first decimal group of ten unit in a metric system that it is 1 to 10. A “zero” gone back” to a first positive unit and causes a second group of ten unit that pursues of 11 to 20, where a zero has a double function to complete a second decimal group and causing a next decimal group. It agrees the z/the zero is at all and is of-age when has has completed fully your 18th year and any when calm enter it a first day after your 17th anniversary. It is for this that calendars in a world does not have any year “zero” and be any “0 ECB or C.”

So only will be able to enjoy this codex yes enters all these intricacies.

But of course can so only look in some pictures, but then will lose like this. A Mayas has been anticipated more than his conquerors. It agrees that “the z/the zero” has been presented in a western world, in western mathematician so only a 17th century for René averts the one who the algebra has invented also, which for a way means “ zero” in Arab. A Mayan the calendar was inherited probably in of the parts at least of some Olmecs (1200 ECB-400 ECB). Imperio Romano is not existed still and some the Greek geometry invented among 600 ECB and 400 ECB.

Will not comment to a beauty of some pictures in this codex have restored. I will not speak a religion and a philosophy that can see you behind. I will insist in a fact that for a Mayas and a lot of Indian cultures in a to Amsterdam, but also in a lot of other parts of a world, a universe does not have four directions, North, Is, To the sud, West, but five with the called a Centre that is the vertical dimension with the down-zone and an on-the zone and concealed to give an overview of the universe with some deep basses – and his of the – and a overworld, a heaven – and his of the. A centre of the man and in the is not that they speak women here, is a heart (life) and a penis (procreated life), with finally a tongue (that pause) and some ears (listened). The sacrifice is treated the majority of a time to extract a heart of a @@@cofre of a sacrificee, and self-the sacrifice is treated the majority of a time for one those pricks of one this penis with the knife of jade, finally a tongue and some ears. To the left it is it agrees that a time still the gladiators of Europe have struggled to a death in of the Roman circuses, thousands of rebels (the mixed of slave of Hannibal) and all the types of “criminals” were crucified or anything for some Romans, any to speak persecutions of some Christians later on. In some feudal Average Ages Christian, the witches have been burned alive, and the political opponents have paid his opposition with his lives in absolutely ejecucións/cruel public executions after the days and of the days of torturers, has called to question of course, and these times in one daunt of some dungeons. Regarding self-punished and self-torturing, some Christians were quite well in that with all the classes of hurtful cloths and an use of all the classes of whips and @@@lash. A practice of mortification of a flesh has been used for some Christians during the majority of Christian history, especially in of the convents and of the Catholic monasteries. Besides, Martín Lutero, a founder of a Lutheran Church, regularly practised self-flagellation like the half of mortification of his flesh, if no a symbolic flesh of an integer that humanity of sins.

To conclude will consider two dishes: plan 56 (page 22) and flat 73 (page 5).

An author of a book has said to have a subject same but is inverted. In plan 56 Life and Dead, Quetzalcoatl like Goddess of Life and Mitclantecuhtli like the god of death is by train to be, each one which as an on two legs and feet, behind partorisca back, a prime minister one facing right and a second a facing accident. If you go to stuff 73, a two so only has two legs, one has turned to a legislation and one has turned to an accident, but some bosses have been moved, Quetzalcoatl to some have left facing sinister and Mitclantecuhtli to some legislations facing rights, and a lot of elements have been modified and has moved enough so that Quetzalcoatl the boss is in the plus or has less propiciado by another and vice versa Mitclantecuhtli the bosses is in the plus or has less propiciado by another, and a main dark piece of clothes that clearly covered Quetzalcoatl the behind has been moved and modified so that it is equally in both sides of a line of vertical distribution among some two characters, still visible so only in a level of his funds. A lot of other details would owe that be taken the account, but altogether the chairs is not a inversion flatly 56 but the full fusion of Life and Death. If the life has died and the death is life , the future has in this cosmos, and true quite Quetzalcoatl is fully state sacrificed and he a day gone back of an East dress in aiming gone through some big bird? We know a result of this faith for some Aztecs. But ossia any explanation of a culture of blood of this civilisation. It is an element in a lot of another. A lack of explanation, still.

But a thing is sure, a development of a phenomenal agricultural transformation in Mesoamerica centred in maize, the unable cereal to self-given he, derived by human engineering of teosinte, the able cereal to self-given he, and the flour when earth that would be dangerous for human health if it was not nixtamalized, the very complex procedure: a corn is drenched and cooked in an alcaline solution, usually limewater (but sometimes ash of forest lye) has washed, and then hulled. This process takes until 97–100 of aflatoxins of mycotoxin-the corn has contaminated. And ossia the add îece of human engineering. This agricultural transformation (this has to that it has taken the very long time to be devised and engineered) has spent the enormous demographic expansion to a Mayas, Aztec, and Incas. So only I ask if the human sacrifice has not been a same type of response likes one of a Christian world has faced to a same question in Europe because of a religious reform of Charlemagne and a direct feudal transformation for a Benedictines in agriculture and later on with a proto-industrial revolution. Some Christians have decided to actuate in an end of a 11th century some famous and infamous Crosses to take touched of of utmost numbers of knights and other personnel milite as well as of the number adds of poor, decrees and often starving people. And a Albigensian crossing liquidated to the something the like 25 of a population in of the sud and France of southwest in a name of religious purity. On It Leaves 16, 1244, the big massacre has taken place, in that on 200 Cathar Perfects has been burned in an enormous pyre in a prat dels cremats ('field of a burned') near a foot of a castle of Montségur, one very very appointed impregnable castle. There is not never any hill, Invernadero or same mountain that it is quite sure to be sure against all the dangers, particularly criminal or politicians.

Enjoy a book and his mysteries and verify some days in the each dish and some notes of an author of an introduction will help tremendously, but can add some investigation roughly more personal feels likes. A tongue and a civilisation of a Mayas is far from to have developed all are hiding for behind his good-looking glyphic façade.

Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU
5 / 5 Rana
Formed: Paperback Ossia the wonderful resouce for this interested in Messico ancient. Photographic plenary facsimilies of these codexes are hideously expensive, and really, the majority is not to the form adds. After long investigation, have here the reproduction adds that this work of alike entity when it was 'fresh of one presses.' It is beautiful, and in comparison to the codex looked to Have to Nuttall, this work comes with the Much better introduction that explains more than a text, a context, and an ideology. The readers will be able the more comprise some of some religious principles of some ancient Mexicans (and there is roughly debate if this book has been painted for Aztecs or Mixtecs, which have not resisted calm with!). Tip of the, ceremonies, a calender, and another religious iconography that is interesting, and would be it revelation for one more artisticly has bent. A visuals is presented wonderfully and in general ossia a subject amazing . Those with inclusos the random interest in the again World-wide archaeology or NEED of art to take this book.
5 / 5 Johnette
Formed: Paperback A book of excellent source for any one looking for true reproductions of some original east is housed in Vatican Libray. Ossia The reproduction of an ancient document of a Mixtecs, around 1400 AD, of the describes today known likes the village or Oaxaxa. A project has taken seven years to complete like this painstakingly has reproduced a Codex with accuracy and authenticity. Some stuffs by heart is the delight to an eye to the equal that describe king, mythical warriors and a Mixtec system of faith. Each dish is explained, in detail add, in a start of a book for your convevience. Some the dishes coloreados is intricate and exact in paper of thickness of big quality. Ossia Material add for an artist that read in any mesos that inspiration of need or so only wants to reproduce. A good book for history buffs also.
5 / 5 Shyla
Formed: Paperback This book gives terrific idea to some ancient Mexicans, his theology and world-wide view, and his way of life. Some illustrations are extremely very done, and an interpretation is in a mark. A must-have for any interested in ancient Mesoamerica.
5 / 5 Launa
This book is an astonishingly beautiful book that spends on the civilisation this is to be die partorisca several centuries been due to his own failure, probably because of some climatic drought in Yucatan this has destroyed his cultivation of cocoa that was his own coin and his main export, for this a tool and means of the his can. Maya civilisation was later on systematically destroyed for some Spaniards when I am invaded Mesoamerica, and these Spaniards have aimed particularly some books, some codexes, some cultural machineries that could transported and that has accused to be pay heretical and satanic symbols, and has abandoned an architecture in a jungle that took it on. A genocidal crime against humanity.

To to A first what would like to say is that the codexes have been done with the paper and this paper has the rich technological history. It uses an edge of inside a bark of trees, Ficus trees or trees of fig. This edge has been collected and accused in the very rich way and has complicated. We do not know when a Mayas devised this technician but is the fact of the long time of the codexes was probably in existence in his pre-classical period some ten first centuries of his final, of here around a 5th century BC. But this edge when a step is finalised has to that be accused the pieces of paper roughly 20 wide centimetres and while necessary to produce a book. To take a pertinent period his glued the spent joints shorter. But has has had to that then accuse a surface to be able to write and draw and painting in this paper. They have used both sides, as they have accused both sides with some mix of several natural elements that has done a smooth and very feasible surface for some rich drawings, the products and the writing have used. These calls of preparation “chalk.” Some scribes were an elite polite organism of people those who has been considered like this highly spiritual not even some class of priests. They call “he-of-the-writing” (“ah ts'ib” in Maya). Apparently, a word included could be used for some scarce female scribes.

A book or that the codex was like this the long piece of paper and then was creased to an accordion-like fold of screen. Both sides have been used. Apparently, these works of codex of legislations to the the accidents, one first page or he stuff is in an extreme right, and an advance of pages of legislations to accidents. When you Achieve an extreme left of a first side, has turned a codex on and has read a second face a same way. A presentation of some dishes in a book respect this humour to maintain some pages of clue in pertinent order. So Flat 1 east in an a lot of well of a book and flat 76, a last a, is so only after an introduction. In a same way, has to accept that it is common for dishes to be divided to several discharges or thirds. Starts to read in a right corner subordinated extreme and read a low prime minister tier that can cover several pages. When you Achieve an end of this tier movement until an extreme left of a meso according to tier and read he of accident to legislation. Finally, there it is the third tier trace to a big plus tier beginning in a right extreme and read he of legislation to accident. Ossia sinuous Or fashionable serpent that reads. The humour of drawings and writing can vary to plot. It is a same thing with a lot of glyphs this is to compose of two, three or four glyphs. An order can vary to plot of a composite glyph to a prójimo.

But this book is the recovery by heart fill of an ancient “Mexican” manuscript. We can not be sure it is the one who this codex has used to be. An original has been ageing to somewhere in Borgia. But it gives the real idea that this culture and this codex could have been. An aesthetic prodigy (any only for knots) but also and mainly for a Mayas the religious textbook and social code for submission and full obedience to his of the, and first of all Quetzalcoatl. This codex has to that do with one 260-day tzolk'in calendar that is supposition to regulate a Mayas' daily life. 260 days is almost a period of the pregnancy of the woman. But it conceal it does not explain anything of this pregnancy is usually around 270 days long. But a real mystery is like them comes to this number of 260 days. They have crossed two numbers. A prime minister an east a period that can call it the “month”: twenty days, each one which to the equal that with the name and calm has thirteen successive groups of twenty days always in a same order. Ossia Simple to explain of a basic numerical system of a Mayas is vigesimal counting system with 20 like his base. But some months in this 260-day tzolk'in the calendar does not have to that the appoint reasons the names are not required. Some 260 days are identified for a rotation sistémica of numbers of 1 to 13 in this long cast of 260 days has composed of thirteen times a series of twenty days. A first day of a series of twenty is “Imix” (often translates like this “alligator,” but can be “light” or included “womb” reason is a first day , a day when the times and the life have begun, connected to a sun he and that sees an increase of sun was one of some fundamental tasks of humans when they were fabricated for some of the. So only they could result the society structured and identified when they had seen an increase of sun for a first time. In a 260-day tzolk'in calendar, has 13 Imix and each one which so one is identified for a number 1 to 13 that a rotating cycle of thirteen will attribute his so many progresses in some thirteen insiemi of twenty days. For this was 1 Imix, 8 Imix, 2 Imix, 9 Imix, 3 Imix, 10 Imix, 4 Imix, 11 Imix, 5 Imix, 12 Imix, 6 Imix, 13 Imix, 7 Imix, and then a prójimo 260-day tzolk'in of the starts of cycle again with 1 Imix. A number of one locates of day for seven unit in the continuum of 13 numbers have repeated cyclically twenty times.

Is unable to explain a meaning of this 13, excepts mathematically. If it love this cyclical system to do of a difference among 13 and 20 this seven, has to add an immediately go down number even to 7 for a whole system to do smoothly. On page xviii of an introduction for Bruce And. Byland, Has a full map of some 260 days with twenty lines for some twenty days and thirteen columns. I will complain an author uses English names and does not mention Maya appoints.

To the equal that has has said so only these 260 days tzolk'in the calendar is the mathematician prodigy reason a Mayas was mathematically there is anticipated extremely. With his Base 20 vigesimal counting system, which is common in a world (the old English Pound less than fact fifty years has been composed of twenty shillings and each shilling was twelve pence, and has seen and known in a prompt @@@1960s quell'halfpenny and the farthing, or the neighbourhood of the penny. They have had included he guinea this was veintiuno shillings ), a Mayas had invented the sign that was “twenty_” with which nineteen, and then is known like “K'to the” or a sign of moon, and like such is a sign of a conclusion of a vigesimal first near of numbers, but is used also when the group of twenty or multiple of twenty is empty and for this can be identified like this “zero,” and then is known like “mih” or swimming. Ossia In phase with a philosophy of a Mayas: everything is the direct retrospective allusion to that comes from/comes from and the likely anticipation that will be it to it follow stops.

When Management to a “Haab” year that count eighteen months of twenty days (the same like this first days) five days more to achieve 365, then some months have names. Some five extra days call “wayeb'” and have an ominous reputation. This “Haab” the year is not concerned in this codex. But the day a year is identified as follows:

[1 to 13 (tzolk'in) Name of Day] + [1 to 19 (row a month of 20 days) Name of Month].

Is so only 1 to 19 reason a twentieth day is doing a jump of month to a prójimo an and in this chance, a second part of a date is substituted for [“chum” Name of a next month]. To These shows like 20 games the double function: it is a conclusion of a vigesimal group of 20 and a same time one causes that door a next month. As it is not really “zero,” one same to the equal that in a decimal system of the ours when we consider a first decimal group of ten unit in a metric system that it is 1 to 10. A “zero” gone back” to a first positive unit and causes a second group of ten unit that pursues of 11 to 20, where a zero has a double function to complete a second decimal group and causing a next decimal group. It agrees the z/the zero is at all and is of-age when has has completed fully your 18th year and any when calm enter it a first day after your 17th anniversary. It is for this that calendars in a world does not have any year “zero” and be any “0 ECB or C.”

So only will be able to enjoy this codex yes enters all these intricacies.

But of course can so only look in some pictures, but then will lose like this. A Mayas has been anticipated more than his conquerors. It agrees that “the z/the zero” has been presented in a western world, in western mathematician so only a 17th century for René averts the one who the algebra has invented also, which for a way means “ zero” in Arab. A Mayan the calendar was inherited probably in of the parts at least of some Olmecs (1200 ECB-400 ECB). Imperio Romano is not existed still and some the Greek geometry invented among 600 ECB and 400 ECB.

Will not comment to a beauty of some pictures in this codex have restored. I will not speak a religion and a philosophy that can see you behind. I will insist in a fact that for a Mayas and a lot of Indian cultures in a to Amsterdam, but also in a lot of other parts of a world, a universe does not have four directions, North, Is, To the sud, West, but five with the called a Centre that is the vertical dimension with the down-zone and an on-the zone and concealed to give an overview of the universe with some deep basses – and his of the – and a overworld, a heaven – and his of the. A centre of the man and in the is not that they speak women here, is a heart (life) and a penis (procreated life), with finally a tongue (that pause) and some ears (listened). The sacrifice is treated the majority of a time to extract a heart of a @@@cofre of a sacrificee, and self-the sacrifice is treated the majority of a time for one those pricks of one this penis with the knife of jade, finally a tongue and some ears. To the left it is it agrees that a time still the gladiators of Europe have struggled to a death in of the Roman circuses, thousands of rebels (the mixed of slave of Hannibal) and all the types of “criminals” were crucified or anything for some Romans, any to speak persecutions of some Christians later on. In some feudal Average Ages Christian, the witches have been burned alive, and the political opponents have paid his opposition with his lives in absolutely ejecucións/cruel public executions after the days and of the days of torturers, has called to question of course, and these times in one daunt of some dungeons. Regarding self-punished and self-torturing, some Christians were quite well in that with all the classes of hurtful cloths and an use of all the classes of whips and @@@lash. A practice of mortification of a flesh has been used for some Christians during the majority of Christian history, especially in of the convents and of the Catholic monasteries. Besides, Martín Lutero, a founder of a Lutheran Church, regularly practised self-flagellation like the half of mortification of his flesh, if no a symbolic flesh of an integer that humanity of sins.

To conclude will consider two dishes: plan 56 (page 22) and flat 73 (page 5).

An author of a book has said to have a subject same but is inverted. In plan 56 Life and Dead, Quetzalcoatl like Goddess of Life and Mitclantecuhtli like the god of death is by train to be, each one which as an on two legs and feet, behind partorisca back, a prime minister one facing right and a second a facing accident. If you go to stuff 73, a two so only has two legs, one has turned to a legislation and one has turned to an accident, but some bosses have been moved, Quetzalcoatl to some have left facing sinister and Mitclantecuhtli to some legislations facing rights, and a lot of elements have been modified and has moved enough so that Quetzalcoatl the boss is in the plus or has less propiciado by another and vice versa Mitclantecuhtli the bosses is in the plus or has less propiciado by another, and a main dark piece of clothes that clearly covered Quetzalcoatl the behind has been moved and modified so that it is equally in both sides of a line of vertical distribution among some two characters, still visible so only in a level of his funds. A lot of other details would owe that be taken the account, but altogether the chairs is not a inversion flatly 56 but the full fusion of Life and Death. If the life has died and the death is life , the future has in this cosmos, and true quite Quetzalcoatl is fully state sacrificed and he a day gone back of an East dress in aiming gone through some big bird? We know a result of this faith for some Aztecs. But ossia any explanation of a culture of blood of this civilisation. It is an element in a lot of another. A lack of explanation, still.

But a thing is sure, a development of a phenomenal agricultural transformation in Mesoamerica centred in maize, the unable cereal to self-given he, derived by human engineering of teosinte, the able cereal to self-given he, and the flour when earth that would be dangerous for human health if it was not nixtamalized, the very complex procedure: a corn is drenched and cooked in an alcaline solution, usually limewater (but sometimes ash of forest lye) has washed, and then hulled. This process takes until 97–100 of aflatoxins of mycotoxin-the corn has contaminated. And ossia the add îece of human engineering. This agricultural transformation (this has to that it has taken the very long time to be devised and engineered) has spent the enormous demographic expansion to a Mayas, Aztec, and Incas. So only I ask if the human sacrifice has not been a same type of response likes one of a Christian world has faced to a same question in Europe because of a religious reform of Charlemagne and a direct feudal transformation for a Benedictines in agriculture and later on with a proto-industrial revolution. Some Christians have decided to actuate in an end of a 11th century some famous and infamous Crosses to take touched of of utmost numbers of knights and other personnel milite as well as of the number adds of poor, decrees and often starving people. And a Albigensian crossing liquidated to the something the like 25 of a population in of the sud and France of southwest in a name of religious purity. On It Leaves 16, 1244, the big massacre has taken place, in that on 200 Cathar Perfects has been burned in an enormous pyre in a prat dels cremats ('field of a burned') near a foot of a castle of Montségur, one very very appointed impregnable castle. There is not never any hill, Invernadero or same mountain that it is quite sure to be sure against all the dangers, particularly criminal or politicians.

Enjoy a book and his mysteries and verify some days in the each dish and some notes of an author of an introduction will help tremendously, but can add some investigation roughly more personal feels likes. A tongue and a civilisation of a Mayas is far from to have developed all are hiding for behind his good-looking glyphic façade.

Dr. Jacques COULARDEAU
4 / 5 Annie
Ossia the wonderful resouce for this interested in Messico ancient. Photographic plenary facsimilies of these codexes are hideously expensive, and really, the majority is not to the form adds. After long investigation, have here the reproduction adds that this work of alike entity when it was 'fresh of one presses.' It is beautiful, and in comparison to the codex looked to Have to Nuttall, this work comes with the Much better introduction that explains more than a text, a context, and an ideology. The readers will be able the more comprise some of some religious principles of some ancient Mexicans (and there is roughly debate if this book has been painted for Aztecs or Mixtecs, which have not resisted calm with!). Tip of the, ceremonies, a calender, and another religious iconography that is interesting, and would be it revelation for one more artisticly has bent. A visuals is presented wonderfully and in general ossia a subject amazing . Those with inclusos the random interest in the again World-wide archaeology or NEED of art to take this book.
4 / 5 Edwina
A book of excellent source for any one looking for true reproductions of some original east is housed in Vatican Libray. Ossia The reproduction of an ancient document of a Mixtecs, around 1400 AD, of the describes today known likes the village or Oaxaxa. A project has taken seven years to complete like this painstakingly has reproduced a Codex with accuracy and authenticity. Some stuffs by heart is the delight to an eye to the equal that describe king, mythical warriors and a Mixtec system of faith. Each dish is explained, in detail add, in a start of a book for your convevience. Some the dishes coloreados is intricate and exact in paper of thickness of big quality. Ossia Material add for an artist that read in any mesos that inspiration of need or so only wants to reproduce. A good book for history buffs also.
4 / 5 Ruby
This book gives terrific idea to some ancient Mexicans, his theology and world-wide view, and his way of life. Some illustrations are extremely very done, and an interpretation is in a mark. A must-have for any interested in ancient Mesoamerica.

Top Customer Reviews: The Mind in the ...

Rating: 4 out of 5 with 8 ratings
5 / 5 Rosalind
Formed: Paperback A better of all a product of grotto reserves that I have ordered and read. This professor has has has resupplied readers with scholarly references and has thought partorisca cause analysis. A masterpiece.
4 / 5 Takako
Formed: Paperback probably would be more probably partorisca go for 3.5 stars if this was the election , but has to that choose 4 is better that 3.

David Lewis-Williams is a scholarly scholar and one articulates, if not obliging, writer. His thought extends wider that the deep dives, mine of look, a lot the part of a current cultural ethos of biological reductionism. A subject is like this good and is obviously like this a lot-has researched that this book is still the good bed partorisca this interested in of the such things. It is aventajado that any another that a French scholar adds of art of grotto, Jean Clottes, calls this work 'a genuine masterpiece' (in a coverage), but the suspect is informing to Lewis-Williams' intrepid new approximation to quite a lot of very known suggestion and amply accepted for some origins of these products of incredible prehistoric grotto. I inform the shamanism, which the explanation goes at least like this far behind like this Leroi-Gourhan and was certainly very sustained in a theoretic works of Joseph Campbell. A fact of these products of the grotto so only is enough to do to read add (this in spite of this is not the browseworthy book of the picture of some reproductions is small and mainly there to sustain the sound argues), and an addition to explain for true of the activity of Shamanistic vision would have to that he even more obliging. This in spite of, the visions are not pressed a bit of Lewis-Williams' main argument for shamanism. Basically it sees evidence in a prehistoric art for a current competition to be able to and place among several sciamane. These looks to confuse of some products attack a pleasure visionary likes one would imagine the flight of the sciamano to other worlds would be, but this confusion lessens when @we give Lewis-Williams is not buying to any of this travesía saint or still Jungian collective unconscious material. It sees the humanity likes driven by that never-present egoistic gene, which manifest in of the same political fights in prehistoric time. Some people like sciamane, according to an author, was privileged; in his need to maintain predominance and oppress some masses, has had to show his can add for orchestrating (any one necessarily doing them on his own) produced of better grotto (comprising produced in those of an opposition). Cela Such the biological reduction results a definite explanation for Lewis-Williams is clear fact in his longitude and quite bored the final section that looks for to apply recent neuroscientific imaging studios to these prehistoric alcohols, without any good reason to do like this, if I ask. The brains do not explain of the alcohols, and the alcohols are the cultural phenomenon . Now that has read my own words, am going back to 3 stars.
4 / 5 Vida
Formed: Hardcover An author posits the fascinating explanation for an origin of art and a creation of images for early humanities: an evolution of a human alcohol. He theorizes that some people of an Upper Paleolithic harnessed has changed state of consciousness the fashion his society and the iconography used like the half to establish and defining relate social. Cro-Magnon The man there has been the most anticipated neurological system and commanded of consciousness that a Neanderthals, and experienced shamanic hardship and vivid mental iconography. It was of entity for them to paint these images in the wall of grotto concealed to do fault to the equal that to membrane among a daily world and a realm of an alcohol. The hallucinations were notarises them in personal advance and a development of society. It informs to a pioneering psychologist William James those who already in 1902 signalled out of some different states of consciousness and the Hake Martindale the one who has identified some following different states: awake fantasy , realistic, autistic fantasy, reverie, hypnagogic and dreaming. A sense to be unitary absolute (ecstasy/of transcendence ) is generated by the spillover among the neural circuits in a brain have caused the peels to factors likes-the to meditation, rhythmical stimulation, fasting etc. Some the essential elements of a religious experience are like this wired to a brain. Two studios of chances are used in support of this theory: South African Saint art of rock and art of North American rock. Understand 8 is especially fascinating of the offers solve possible to sure puzzles of art of grotto, like a mix of representational and geometrical iconography. An author thinks that a trail of images of an entrance of grotto to a darkness, almost the inaccessible recesses represent links it to connect beween some two elements of a 'on/down' concurrido binary. The physical entrance to some grottos has reflected an entrance to a mental vortex that favour to some hallucinations of some deep hardship estada. It say of another way,, a trail of a conscious alcohol to some deep recesses of a subconscious. This book resupplies a lot of lunch for thought to our earlier ancestor and in an evolution of consciousness. It would like to recommend William James' esome Variety of Religious Experience,' R M Bucke is 'Cosmic Consciousness' and Rupert Sheldrake is 'Chaos, Creativity and Cosmic Consciousness' as the mate that reads to Lewis-Williams' fascinating text. A book comprises a lot of figures and 97 illustrations duquel 27 is in colour.
5 / 5 Breanne
Formed: Hardcover David Lewis-Williams has developed the only idea to some early modern humans that has painted some grottos of Europe. It reasons that when being modern anatomically, a function of his alcohols that was that they depend on anatomy of the brain also has to that it has been comparable to the ours. He an excellent chance the one who the called " it has changed state of consciousness" it has been used of sciamane ancient to access a world of alcohol and to interpret it to another in his culture. It is not a real world-wide this is to illustrate in some wall of grotto, but visions and halucinations obtained in several levels of hardships. All the members of a community could relate to these visions been due to common experiences like this of the sleeps. For some sciamane, this was the source of politician and personal power and signaled to stratification of society. The ideas of an author am communicated persuasively and curiously. I do to think without not resulting never heavy.
5 / 5 Patrica
A better of all a product of grotto reserves that I have ordered and read. This professor has has has resupplied readers with scholarly references and has thought partorisca cause analysis. A masterpiece.
5 / 5 Deidre
Probably would be more probably partorisca go for 3.5 stars if this was the election , but has to that choose 4 is better that 3.

David Lewis-Williams is a scholarly scholar and one articulates, if not obliging, writer. His thought extends wider that the deep dives, mine of look, a lot the part of a current cultural ethos of biological reductionism. A subject is like this good and is obviously like this a lot-has researched that this book is still the good bed partorisca this interested in of the such things. It is aventajado that any another that a French scholar adds of art of grotto, Jean Clottes, calls this work 'a genuine masterpiece' (in a coverage), but the suspect is informing to Lewis-Williams' intrepid new approximation to quite a lot of very known suggestion and amply accepted for some origins of these products of incredible prehistoric grotto. I inform the shamanism, which the explanation goes at least like this far behind like this Leroi-Gourhan and was certainly very sustained in a theoretic works of Joseph Campbell. A fact of these products of the grotto so only is enough to do to read add (this in spite of this is not the browseworthy book of the picture of some reproductions is small and mainly there to sustain the sound argues), and an addition to explain for true of the activity of Shamanistic vision would have to that he even more obliging. This in spite of, the visions are not pressed a bit of Lewis-Williams' main argument for shamanism. Basically it sees evidence in a prehistoric art for a current competition to be able to and place among several sciamane. These looks to confuse of some products attack a pleasure visionary likes one would imagine the flight of the sciamano to other worlds would be, but this confusion lessens when @we give Lewis-Williams is not buying to any of this travesía saint or still Jungian collective unconscious material. It sees the humanity likes driven by that never-present egoistic gene, which manifest in of the same political fights in prehistoric time. Some people like sciamane, according to an author, was privileged; in his need to maintain predominance and oppress some masses, has had to show his can add for orchestrating (any one necessarily doing them on his own) produced of better grotto (comprising produced in those of an opposition). Cela Such the biological reduction results a definite explanation for Lewis-Williams is clear fact in his longitude and quite bored the final section that looks for to apply recent neuroscientific imaging studios to these prehistoric alcohols, without any good reason to do like this, if I ask. The brains do not explain of the alcohols, and the alcohols are the cultural phenomenon . Now that has read my own words, am going back to 3 stars.
4 / 5 Zane
An author posits the fascinating explanation for an origin of art and a creation of images for early humanities: an evolution of a human alcohol. He theorizes that some people of an Upper Paleolithic harnessed has changed state of consciousness the fashion his society and the iconography used like the half to establish and defining relate social. Cro-Magnon The man there has been the most anticipated neurological system and commanded of consciousness that a Neanderthals, and experienced shamanic hardship and vivid mental iconography. It was of entity for them to paint these images in the wall of grotto concealed to do fault to the equal that to membrane among a daily world and a realm of an alcohol. The hallucinations were notarises them in personal advance and a development of society. It informs to a pioneering psychologist William James those who already in 1902 signalled out of some different states of consciousness and the Hake Martindale the one who has identified some following different states: awake fantasy , realistic, autistic fantasy, reverie, hypnagogic and dreaming. A sense to be unitary absolute (ecstasy/of transcendence ) is generated by the spillover among the neural circuits in a brain have caused the peels to factors likes-the to meditation, rhythmical stimulation, fasting etc. Some the essential elements of a religious experience are like this wired to a brain. Two studios of chances are used in support of this theory: South African Saint art of rock and art of North American rock. Understand 8 is especially fascinating of the offers solve possible to sure puzzles of art of grotto, like a mix of representational and geometrical iconography. An author thinks that a trail of images of an entrance of grotto to a darkness, almost the inaccessible recesses represent links it to connect beween some two elements of a 'on/down' concurrido binary. The physical entrance to some grottos has reflected an entrance to a mental vortex that favour to some hallucinations of some deep hardship estada. It say of another way,, a trail of a conscious alcohol to some deep recesses of a subconscious. This book resupplies a lot of lunch for thought to our earlier ancestor and in an evolution of consciousness. It would like to recommend William James' esome Variety of Religious Experience,' R M Bucke is 'Cosmic Consciousness' and Rupert Sheldrake is 'Chaos, Creativity and Cosmic Consciousness' as the mate that reads to Lewis-Williams' fascinating text. A book comprises a lot of figures and 97 illustrations duquel 27 is in colour.
4 / 5 Bo
David Lewis-Williams has developed the only idea to some early modern humans that has painted some grottos of Europe. It reasons that when being modern anatomically, a function of his alcohols that was that they depend on anatomy of the brain also has to that it has been comparable to the ours. He an excellent chance the one who the called " it has changed state of consciousness" it has been used of sciamane ancient to access a world of alcohol and to interpret it to another in his culture. It is not a real world-wide this is to illustrate in some wall of grotto, but visions and halucinations obtained in several levels of hardships. All the members of a community could relate to these visions been due to common experiences like this of the sleeps. For some sciamane, this was the source of politician and personal power and signaled to stratification of society. The ideas of an author am communicated persuasively and curiously. I do to think without not resulting never heavy.